With the Tokyo Paralympics opening on Tuesday, PTI takes a look at all the past Indian medallists.
India has won 12 medals, including four gold, and as many silver and bronze medals in the Summer Paralympics since its debut at the 1968 Games.
- 1972, Heidelberg Paralympics
Murlikant Petkar: Gold
Petkar won the country's first ever medal at the Paralympics when he clinched the gold in the men's 50m freestyle swimming event, clocking a world record time of 37.33 seconds. Originally a boxer in the Indian Army, Patekar switched to swimming and other sports after losing his arm in the 1965 Indo-Pak war. He was India's first-ever individual gold medallist at the Paralympics and Olympics.
- 1984, New York (US), Stoke Mandeville (UK) Paralympics
Joginder Singh Bedi: 1 Silver, 2 Bronze
Bedi won the silver medal in the shot put event while bagging a bronze each in discus and javelin throw events. He holds the record of being the Indian with the most Paralympic medals
Bhimrao Kesarkar: Silver
Kesarkar clinched the silver medal in the men's javelin throw event at the 1984 Paralympics, co-hosted by Stoke Mandeville, UK, and New York, US. He finished ahead of compatriot Joginder Singh Bedi, who claimed the bronze medal in the same event.
- 2004, Athens Paralympics
Davendra Jhajharia: Gold
Jhajharia ended India's 20 years wait for a Paralympic medal by clinching the gold in the men's javelin throw at the Athens Games. With his throw of 62.15m in Athens, Jhajharia set a new world mark, a record that he would rewrite 12 years later.
Hailing from a small village in Rajasthan's Churu district, Jhajharia was around eight years old when his left hand had to be amputated immediately after he accidentally touched a live electric cable entwined in a branch of the tree he had climbed. Jhajharia would be in action in Tokyo as well.
Rajinder Singh Rahelu: Bronze
The second Indian medallist at the Athens Games, Rahelu, competed in the 56kg men's powerlifting event. He bagged the bronze with an effort of 157.5kg.
Born in Mehsampur village, Jalandhar district, Punjab, Rahelu is suffering from infantile paralysis. He contracted polio when he was eight months old.
- 2012, London Paralympics
Girisha Nagarajegowda: Silver
The lone Indian medallist in the London edition of the Games, Nagarajegowda grabbed the silver in the men's high jump with a jump of 1.74 metres. With the feat, Nagarajegowda, who has an impairment in his left leg, became the first Indian to win a medal at that event.
- 2016, Rio Paralympics
Davendra Jhajharia: Gold
Jhajharia etched his name in history books when he sent the spear to a distance of 63.97 metres in the men's javelin throw event in Rio, becoming the first Indian to clinch two gold medals at the Paralympics.
One of India's most decorated athletes at the Paralympics, Jhajharia also bettered his world record that he had set 12 years earlier at the Athens Games. He is also competing in the Tokyo Games with an aim of clinching his third gold medal.
Mariyappan Thangavelu: Gold
Thangavelu bagged the gold in the high jump event at the Rio Games by clearing 1.89m. He is one of only three gold medal-winning Paralympians in the country.
Hailing from Salem district in Tamil Nadu, his brilliant effort saw him obliterate the previous Asian record.
Thangavelu, who suffered a permanent disability at the age of five when a bus crushed his right leg below the knee, will be defending his gold at the Tokyo Games.
Deepa Malik: Silver
Malik became the first woman from India to win a Paralympic medal when she won the silver in the shot put event in Rio with the best throw of 4.61m.
A paraplegic, paralyzed from the waist down, Malik was consigned to the wheelchair after being operated on for a spinal tumour.
She currently serves as the President of the Paralympic Committee of India.
Varun Singh Bhati: Bronze
Bhati clinched the bronze medal in the high jump at the Rio Games, accompanying compatriot Mariyappan Thangavelu, who won the gold, on the podium.
Afflicted by poliomyelitis at a young age, Bhati had produced a personal-best mark of 1.86 metres, capping off India's most successful Paralympics to date.